Prithvi Narayan Shah

Wednesday, 11 February 20150 comments

An ambitious ruler, born on 1723 B.S (according to Nepali calendar) and died on 1775 B.S; was a member of shah, ruling family of Gorkha had played a vital role in the unification of modern Nepal by conquering small quarrelsome & disunited principalities around Gorkha and The battles to conquer the Kathmandu valley continued for over two decades with the fortified town of Kirtipur in the southwest being the critical target.

The first major assault was in 1757 when the Gorkhali army was defeated and their commander Kalu Pande was killed. After several years of blockades a second major assault was launched in 1764, which again failed and the King’s brother Surpratap was blinded by an arrow.

In 1767, Kirtpur was conquered and the story goes that this was only possible once Danuvanta a noble from Lalitpur betrayed his people and led the Gorkhali army into the town. Infuriated by decades of resistance and losses to the Gorkhali army, all nobles were killed and the noses and ears of the other inhabitants were cut off.

Even today the shameful mound where supposedly the noses and lips were piled high can be found on Tyanglaphat: forgotten, rejected and hidden away between the suburban sprawl. Prithvi Narayan Shah went on to conquer the Malla kingdoms of Kathmandu and Lalitpur in 1768 and Bhaktapur in 1769.

He then moved his capital to Kathmandu, establishing himself in the palace at Hanuman Dhoka. The generals and noblemen of Gorkha also moved to Kathmandu in 1770 to end strategic control over valley by Newar forever. Whereas east India Company was holding their power in north India were deluded by false visions of wealthy Tibet, tries to gain entry to Kathmandu and Lhasa. But they were excluded by King Prithvi Narayan shah and so did he advised Tibetans to block their entry to Lhasa.

He didn’t stopped there just by conquering Kathmandu and other small states. The campaigns continued with Abhiman Singh Basnyat commanding the conquest of Vijaypur and Ilam, then crossing the Mechi River into Darjeeling in 1774.And also it went far beyond its present territory to include Sikkim in the east and Satlas River in the west.

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